Suprematism found its base in the application of the fundamental geometric forms., particularly the square and the circle. It originated in 1915 in Russia and was established by Kazimir Malevich. The movement also expressed an interest in concepts that related to non-euclidean geometry, which imagined forms moving through space. A non-objective style of art its simplification of form and use of geometry influenced, among many other things, the development of Constructivism and the Bauhaus.

The style developed as Russia was in a revolutionary state and was an effort to do away with the old and create something new. It was primary developed in the field of painting although its practice extended to poetry and theater. It also revitalized an interest in traditional Russian folk art. The most identified work is Malevich's White on White, which is composed of an offset white square set inside of another white square.

Kasmir Malevich,  Supremus No. 58, 1916

Kasmir Malevich,  Black Square, 1913

Kasmir Malevich,  Black Circle, 1913

Kasmir Malevich,  White on White, 1918